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The care rendered by paramedics is often the deciding factor between life and death, temporary or permanent disability, a brief confinement or prolonged hospitalization for a patient.

Paramedics must be graduates of a two-year full-time Canadian Medical Association certified paramedic program offered by a recognized post-secondary institution such as St. Lawrence College.

Primary Care Paramedics

Primary Care Paramedics provide symptom relief through the administration of seven medications:

  • Aspirin (Chest Pain)
  • Epinephrine (Allergic Reactions, Severe Asthma and Croup)
  • Glucagon
  • Glucose Paste (Diabetic Emergency)
  • Nitroglycerin (Chest Pain and Heart Failure)
  • Ventolin (Asthma)
  • Keterolac 

In addition to symptom relief, Primary Care Paramedics perform Semi-Automated External Defibrillation and other advanced skills such as 12-Lead ECG interpretation and insertion of Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA).


Advanced Care Paramedics

Advanced Care Paramedics (ACP) require an additional year of training above that of a Primary Care Paramedic.  With that training, ACPs have an additional 22 medications and additional equipment to perform the following,

  • Intravenous and Intraoseos fluid administration
  • Chest needle thoracotomy
  • Administration of cardiac resuscitative medications
  • Administration of respiratory medications
  • Administration of anti-seizure medications
  • Use of pharmacological pain releif 
  • Advanced respiratory resuscitation procedures such as intubation
  • Advanced trauma life support
  • Advanced cardiac life support procedures such as cardiac pacing, sychronized and chemical cardioversion